Gardening jobs for November: 10 Flowers and vegetables to sow to get ahead next spring

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The gardening gurus at Gardeners’ World have the latest tips and jobs to do this November. Whether it be outside in a garden, in the greenhouse, at an allotment or whatever small outside space you have, there are things to be doing to ensure next year you are reaping the rewards. 

Flowers to sow 

November might be a quiet time in the garden, but there are several flowers you could sow which will save you time in the Spring. 

It should also be said that you shouldn’t worry if you don’t see the flowers germinating immediately, many require a period of cold to break their dormancy. 

And in spring, they will burst into growth. 

Eryngiums

Eryngiums are bee friendly perennials that require a period of cold to germinate. 

There are a few varieties, Eryngium serbicum, also known as Serbian sea holly, Eryngium bourgatii, also known as Mediterranean sea holly and Eryngium alpinum, also known as alpine eryngo. 

Using pots, trays or modules, sow the seeds according and place in an unheated greenhouse or cold frame over winter. 

Bugle

Bugle, is a useful ground cover plant for full sun or partial shade areas. 

Corydalis solida

Corydalis solida is a perennial which grows up to 25cm in height. 

It is a grey-green with divided leaves and narrow pale pink, purple of white flowers which bloom in spring. 

The flower prefers a cool, moist spot in dappled or partial shade. 

Sweet peas 

Sweet peas, or Lathyrus odoratus, can be sown in autumn or spring and it’s not too late to sow them now. 

They are an annual climber that reaches about two metres using tendrils. 

The flowers, which are produced in summer and early autumn, are strongly-scented. 

Allium sphaerocephalon

Allium sphaerocephalon, also known as a round-headed leek is a tall perennial with a tuft of narrow basal leaves to 30cm long, and long-stalked, dense, rounded heads of pink or reddish-brown flowers in summer. 

They are striking flowers which are popular with bees and other pollinators. 

You can sow them anytime of year, either directly in soil, or indoor in containers before planting out. 

Vegetables to sow 

Despite the weather getting colder, there are several vegetables you can sow in November. 

To boost your chance of success, try sowing seeds in a heated propagator or greenhouse. 

Broad beans 

Broad beans can be sown in the ground in autumn or in pots. 

Salad leaves 

Salad leaf variety’s like mizuna, mustard and spinach are popular choices. 

You can even sow them indoors or on a bright windowsill for winter pickings. 

Spring onions 

A hardy spring onion variety like Performer can be sown in autumn for winter and spring harvest.

This particular salad item does well in pots and this is an easy way to protect the young plant. 

You can also grow them in greenhouses or with cloches. 

First early peas 

First early peas like Meteor or Kelvedon Wonder can be sown in autumn or overwinter and will produce a harvest in early spring. 

To protect peas from slugs, birds and mice, grow them in covered containers. 

Chillies 

Chilli peppers like Apache and Medusa can be sown all year round – even indoors on a windowsill. 

However, in November as the days are shorter, they need warmth and the brightest spot possible.  

Gardening: How to plant a bare root rose

Gardening jobs to do in November 

  • Planting tulip bulbs – be sure to cover them with at least twice their depth of soil or compost 
  • Life dahlia tubers – after the first frost, clean then and store in a dry, frost-proof place. 
  • Bare root roses – plan them now before the weather turns really cold. 
  • Planting garlic, shallots and onions – in free draining soil or raised beds, then cover with fleece. 
  • Tidy and clean the greenhouse – scrub down the staging, glazing and framework with disinfectant then make sure the walls and roof are insulated. 
  • Wash out all empty pots and trays and store neatly under greenhouse staging, ready for use in spring. 
  • Collect fallen leaves and place in bin bags, leave to decompose into leave mould. 
  • Look after garden wildlife as winter approaches, consider providing additional food and shelter to help them over the next few months. 
  • Repair fences and trellis now they are free of foliage. 
  • Put waterproof covers over garden furniture that you can put indoors for winter. 

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