What is an OB-GYN? Meaning explained

AN OB-GYN is a doctor who specialises in women's health and the female body.

Short for obstetrician-gynecologist, OB-GYN doctors help women with medical advice about menstruation, childbirth and menopause.

What does OB-GYN mean?

Obstetrician-gynecologists are experts in female reproductive health but also offer a range of health services for women.

They can provide routine medical help and preventative screenings.

The term OB-GYN can refer to the doctor, but it can also refer to the science these doctors study: obstetrics and gynecology.

OB-GYNs must complete a bachelor's degree and four years of medical school training to become a qualified specialist.

They're then required to complete four years of post-grad training, primarily as a resident practitioner.

Anyone looking to specialise in a certain area will have to do another three years of training.

All aspiring OB-GYNs will need to pass their country's OB-GYN advisory body exams to become fully qualified. In the US, it's the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

What does an OB-GYN do?

According to healthline, approximately 90 per cent of OB-GYNs are generalists, meaning they work across a range of OB-GYN services.

They can offer maternal-fetal medicine for patients with high-risk pregnancies and medical conditions.

They can treat a range of issues from abdominal bleeding, pelvic pain, urinary incontinence as well as breast and hormonal disorders.

They also provide fertility therapy and treatment and can diagnose cancers associated with the female reproductive system, including the uterus, cervix, ovaries and vulva.

What procedures can they perform?

OB-GYNs can be trained in major or minor surgery and perform a range of procedures such as dilation and curettage, biopsies, tubal ligation, laser surgery, hysterectomies and myomectomies.

During a pregnancy, these doctors can help with the delivery of your baby and determine their sex before birth.

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